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Understanding Neonatal Jaundice: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Neonatal Jaundice - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Neonatal jaundice is a common condition affecting many newborns in their first few days of life. While it’s usually harmless, it can cause anxiety for parents. In this article, we will delve into neonatal jaundice, explaining its causes, symptoms, and treatment options. Additionally, for residents of Faridabad seeking expert guidance, we will introduce you to the best neonatologist in the area.

What is Neonatal Jaundice?

Neonatal jaundice, also known as jaundice of the newborn, is a condition characterized by yellowing of a baby’s skin and the whites of their eyes. This yellow discoloration occurs due to elevated levels of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellow pigment produced when red blood cells are broken down.

Causes of Neonatal Jaundice

  1. Physiological Jaundice: This is the most common type of jaundice in newborns. It typically appears after the first 24 hours of life and peaks at around 3 to 5 days of age. Physiological jaundice is often a result of the baby’s immature liver, which has difficulty processing bilirubin efficiently.
  2. Breast Milk Jaundice: In some cases, breastfeeding can contribute to jaundice. Breast milk jaundice typically occurs after the first week of life and can last for several weeks. It’s thought to be caused by certain substances in breast milk that slow down the elimination of bilirubin.
  3. Blood Group Incompatibility: If the baby’s blood type is incompatible with the mother’s blood type (e.g., Rh or ABO incompatibility), the baby’s red blood cells may be broken down more rapidly, leading to higher bilirubin levels.
  4. Prematurity: Premature infants are more prone to jaundice because their livers are not fully developed. Premature babies may also have a higher red blood cell turnover.
  5. Infection or Illness: In some cases, infections or underlying medical conditions can lead to elevated bilirubin levels.

Symptoms of Neonatal Jaundice

The most noticeable symptom of neonatal jaundice is yellowing of the skin and eyes. However, there are other signs that may accompany jaundice:

  1. Yellow Skin and Eyes: The yellow discoloration is usually most noticeable on the face, especially around the eyes, and then spreads to the chest, abdomen, and extremities.
  2. Poor Feeding: Babies with jaundice may become lethargic and have difficulty feeding.
  3. Pale Stools: Stools may appear pale or chalky in color.
  4. Dark Urine: The baby’s urine may become dark in color.
  5. Irritability: Some infants with jaundice may become fussy or irritable.

Treatment for Neonatal Jaundice

Treatment for neonatal jaundice depends on the cause and severity of the condition. Here are some common approaches to managing jaundice:

  1. Phototherapy: This is the most common treatment for jaundice. The baby is placed under special blue or white lights that help break down bilirubin in the skin. Eye protection is used during phototherapy to shield the baby’s eyes. Phototherapy is usually conducted in the hospital but can also be administered at home if necessary.
  2. Frequent Feeding: Encouraging the baby to feed frequently, at least 8-12 times a day, helps eliminate bilirubin through stools and urine.
  3. Exchange Transfusion: In severe cases of jaundice, where bilirubin levels are dangerously high, an exchange transfusion may be required. This involves replacing the baby’s blood with donor blood to remove excess bilirubin.
  4. Treating Underlying Causes: If jaundice is caused by an underlying condition, such as blood group incompatibility or infection, treating the underlying cause is essential.
  5. Monitoring: Bilirubin levels are monitored regularly to determine the effectiveness of treatment and whether further intervention is necessary.

Dr Supriya Rastogi – The Best Neonatologist in Faridabad

For parents in Faridabad seeking the best neonatologist for their newborn’s care, Dr. Supriya rastogi is a renowned expert in neonatology. With years of experience and a commitment to providing the highest level of care, Dr. Supriya Rastogi is dedicated to addressing neonatal concerns, including neonatal jaundice.

Wrapping Up…

Neonatal jaundice is a common and usually benign condition in newborns. Understanding its causes, recognizing its symptoms, and seeking prompt treatment when necessary are essential for a baby’s health and well-being. If you are in Faridabad and have concerns about neonatal jaundice or any other newborn-related issues, Dr. Supriya Rastogi is the best neonatologist in Faridabad, ready to provide expert guidance and support to ensure your baby receives the care they need during this crucial stage of life. Remember that early detection and appropriate treatment can help ensure a healthy start for your newborn.

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